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Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.

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Croton macrostachyus

The chemoprotective prophylaxis in vivo study was set up and carried out by first treating the animals for four days with the different doses of the studied extracts before exposing them to infection. Monoecious or dioecious, deciduous, medium-sized tree up to 25 —30 m tall; bole cylindrical, up to cm in diameter; bark grey to grey-brown, finely fissured and cracked, inner bark pale brown to reddish brown, smell peppery; crown rounded and open with large, spreading branches; young branches densely stellate hairy.

In the present study different crude stem bark extracts from C.

Growth Inhibition Results of the growth inhibition experiments are shown in Table 1. Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia: Similarly, Aleme et al. Antibacterial activity was demonstrated by methanol leaf extract against Streptococcus pyogenes with minimum bacterial concentration MBC value of 7.

The previous reports support our finding on antimicrobial activity of lupeol. The aqueous extract of C.

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Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile

The bark, fruits, leaves, roots, and seeds of C. Chemoprotective Activity The chemoprotective prophylaxis in vivo study was set up and carried out by first treating the animals for four days with the different doses of the studied extracts before exposing them to infection.

Because of their solubility properties one could conclude that the isobutanol and methanol extracts contained mixtures of these compounds. The stem bark and twigs contain lupeol, betulin and several fatty acids. Abstract There is an increasing need for innovative drug and prophylaxis discovery against malaria. Croton macrostachyus Liste macorstachyus plantes pour la lettre Medicinal plants in tropical West Africa.

These studies revealed that C. World Health Organization; The leaves or young shoots are eaten to treat fever and oedema and mashed leaves are applied to haemorrhoids. Seedling with epigeal germination. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of some plants used for medicinal purposes in Kenya. NMR analysis of the fractionated and crystallized ethyl acetate extract was carried out.

According to Teklehaymanot et al. View at Google Scholar B. Mitogenic activities in African traditional herbal medicines.

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If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. In West Africa different plant parts in decoction are taken to treat constipation, stomach-ache and female infertility, and are used externally to treat stitch-like pain in the side and Guinea worm sores.

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New leads and efficient phytomedicines.

The number of drug-like molecules possibly present in the vast amount of species fungi, bacteria, marine invertebrates, and insects has been estimated to exceed 10 60 [ 1 ]. The number of seeds per kg is 16, —27, Historical names or synonyms of Macrostachhyus. The methanol leaf extracts showed different degree of mortality against the malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis with LC 50 and LC 90 values of Croton macrostachyus is regarded as a multipurpose tree by subsistence farmers in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania [ 3 — 6 ], as it is often grown and managed in home gardens for provision of several ecosystem goods and services.

In the distribution area there is croyon high degree of medicinal use consensus for bleeding, blood clotting, cancer, constipation, diarrhea, epilepsy, malaria, pneumonia, purgative, ringworm, skin diseases or infections, stomach ache, typhoid, worm expulsion, and wounds [ 13 ]. The present macrostacbyus give scientific croyon and support the traditional use of C. The selection of antibiotics and antifungal agents was based on the general knowledge of the typical susceptibilities of the chosen indicator microorganisms, and the expected sensitivities were confirmed during the actual experiments.