Buecher Wuermer

Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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They live in over villages around the town of Songea. This led to food shortages. This is perhaps what forced them to move northwards into East Africa. Ngoni disturbance disrupted normal cultivation leading to famine. The Zulu belong to a group of tribes that are called the “Nguni” in South Africa. In twenty ngini they travelled over a thousand miles. Causes of ngoni migration?

The Ngoni were cattle plunderers. Why the Zulu became important at the start of the 19th century.

Causes of ngoni migration?

The Ngoni were fully united under their commanders. This encouraged them to move onwards. Until, eventually, they reached Southern Tanzania. It was due to fear of being absorbed into the empire of tyrant Shaka. Effects of their movements and settlement on the people of East Africa.

They were attracted to this area here because of the many herds of cattle around. They developed better weapons. Zwagendaba led the biggest Ngoni group that entered East Africa. The growth of external contacts and pressures. Many of them starved due to the lack of food.


Zwangendaba’s followers started to use the name Ngoni. The Ngoni commanders kept the morale of the army high by promising them rewards after victory hence making them work harder.

They would force the captured men from other tribes to join them and became Ngoni warriors. Newer Post Older Post Home.

MGVSS History subject: History Ngoni Migration

The Zulu were cattle herders but they also grew some crops. The Hehe under Mkwawa were able to resist the Germans. When Zwangendaba died aroundthe Ufipa ngoni disagreed and plit in to five groups. Many small Ntemi chiefdoms came together united and formed large political units under strong leaders to fight the Ngoni for example Sangu and Hehe re-organisation. The Ngoni found themselves moving northwards into East Africa.

Different people wanted to be in charge. They crossed River Zambezi on 19th November solar eclipse daytravelled through Malawi and finally settled around Ufipa Fipa plateau in One of the Sangu chieftains, Mwakawangu, united the people to defeat the Ngoni invaders. It was also used for ornaments, like neck rings and armbands.

Bythe Gwangwara had reached Songea where they clashed with the Maseko Ngoni defeating them and forcing them to flee.


Their migration may have also been a result of the influence of good leaders like Zwangendaba who did not want his people to be subjugated by Shaka. They also made themselves fearful to their enemies by wearing the skeletons of their victims.


Africa as they absorbed many people. Write a story about the course of the Ngoni migration and settlement on a piece of paper. As they moved north they came into conflict. Drought and Crop Failure. As the population grew, the extra people had to fight for land in order to survive.

He was buried in an ox hide at Chapota, near the Nyinaluzi River. The food for the warriors was provided by others.

He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of his neighbors.

They also carefully planned each battle. Initially, there was population increase in Southern Tanzania where Ngoni settled. The other group fled northwards to Morogoro and these came to be the Mbuga Ngoni and csuses scattered to Tunduru, Masaai and Newale.

Write a story about the course of the Ngoni migration and settlement on a piece of paper. There was increased slave trade because of the Ngoni confusion, chaos and disorganization.

The groups had similar traditional dances, which date back to their warrior past. Being pastoralists, the Ngoni might have migrated into East Africa looking for pastures and water for their animals. They moved because of external pressure from the British and the Boers in the South who were moving northwards occupying their land.