Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.
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We, no less than Our predecessors, are convinced that employees are justified in wishing to participate in the activity of the industrial concern for which they work. Both these groups, therefore, need a thoroughgoing technical and general education, and should have their own professional organizations. It also guarantees “the conservation and perfection of a social order which makes possible a secure, even if modest, property to all classes of people.
The reason for this is that the individual productive concerns, regardless of their size, efficiency and importance in the State, form but a part—an integral part—of a nation’s entire economic and social life, upon which their own encicilca must depend. Wes Dessonville rated it really liked it Jan 04, They must remember, too, that if in the transaction of their temporal affairs they take no account of those social principles which the Church e, and which We now confirm, then they fail in their obligations and may easily violate the rights mxter others.
The eg permanent remedy for this is to make use of every possible means of providing these citizens with the scientific, technical and professional training they need, and to put at their disposal the necessary capital for speeding up their economic development mqter the help of modern methods. As it affects the less developed countries, the problem is stated thus: This fact must be recognized, as also the fact that they are raised in the plan of Providence to an order of reality jater is above nature.
Bread it was for the body, but it was intended also to foreshadow that other bread, that heavenly food of the soul, which He was to give them on “the night before He suffered. Interest on capital, prices—whether of goods or of services—profits and wages, were to be determined by the purely mechanical application of the laws of the market place.
You know well enough, Venerable Brethren, the basic economic and social principles for the reconstruction of human society enunciated so clearly and authoritatively by this eh Pope.
Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress
Everything must be done to ensure that citizens of the less developed areas are treated as responsible human beings, and are allowed to play the major role in achieving their own economic, social and cultural encixlica. The demands of the common good on the enccilica level include: Mater et magistra Latin: These are very necessary if farm workers are to benefit from scientific and technical methods of production and protect the prices of their products.
In such circumstances, they must, of course, bear themselves as Catholics and do nothing to compromise religion and morality. First, with regard to agriculture, it would not appear that the rural population as a whole is decreasing, but it is an undeniable fact that many people are moving away from their farms into more thickly populated areas as well as into the cities themselves.
In Latin In English. B marked it as to-read Mar 13, After all this scientific and technical progress, and even because of it, the problem remains: Consequently, farmers find greater difficulty in obtaining the capital necessary to increase returns. They concern first of all the question of work, which must be regarded not merely as a commodity, but as a specifically human activity. To the attainment of this end nothing can be more effective than those principles and that supernatural aid which the Church supplies.
Genesis relates how God gave two commandments to our first parents: It pains Us, therefore, to observe the complete indifference to the true hierarchy of values shown by so many people in the economically developed countries. The root of such inability is not to be sought in scientific, technical or economic reasons, but in the absense of mutual trust.
Dignitatis humanae Gaudium et spes.
Here is a spectacle for all the world to see: Clearly, this sort of development in social relationships brings many advantages in its train. Arguments to this effect are based on such unreliable and controversial data that they can only be of very uncertain validity. All this serves to create an environment in which workers are encouraged to assume greater msgistra in their ebciclica sphere of employment.
In economically developed countries, relatively unimportant services, and services of doubtful value, frequently carry a disproportionately high rate of remuneration, magistea the diligent and profitable work of whole classes of honest, hard-working men gets scant reward. By the force of their example they are helping to keep alive in their own community a true sense of responsibility, a spirit of co-operation, and the constant desire to create new and original work of outstanding merit.
Eciclica is a progressive improvement in basic education, a wider distribution of essential commodities, greater opportunities for advancement in industry and the consequent breaking down of class barriers, and a keener interest in world affairs shown by people of average education.
On the subject of work, Pius XII repeated the teaching of the Leonine mateg, maintaining that a man’s work is at once his duty and his right. In view of enciclia it is strange that the innate character of a right which derives its force and validity from the fruitfulness enciiclica work should ever be called in question—a right which constitutes so efficacious a means of asserting one’s personality and exercising responsibility in every field, and an element of solidity and security for family life and of greater peace and prosperity in the State.
These problems are necessarily the concern of a whole group of nations, and possibly of the whole world. Anthony Galea rated it liked it Mar 09, It has to promote production in a way best calculated to achieve eh progress and the well-being of all citizens.
But in the twenty years which have elapsed since the changing economic climate noted at that time by Pius XII the economic scene has undergone a radical transformation, both in the internal structure of the various States and in their relations with one another. It also suggests new and vital criteria by which men can judge the magnitude of the social question as it presents itself today, and decide on the course of action they must take.
In recent years the State and other agencies of public law have extended, and are continuing to matfr, the sphere amgistra their activity and initiative. The nations of the world are becoming more and more dependent on one another and it will not be possible to preserve a lasting peace so long as glaring economic and social imbalances persist. Indeed, they cannot as a rule make the trading profit necessary to furnish capital for the conduct and development of their own business.
Mater et Magistra (May 15, ) | John XXIII
Leo XIII spoke in a time of social and economic upheaval, of heightening tensions and actual revolt. We know the nature and extent of the difficulties under which these dearest sons of Ours are laboring, as they strive continually and effectually to promote in their own countries and throughout the world the material and moral interests of the working people. Experience suggests many ways in which the demands of justice can be satisfied. On this subject it must not be forgotten that the price of agricultural produce represents, for the most part, the reward of the farmer’s labor rather than a return on invested capital.
There will always ft, therefore, a vast field for the exercise of human sympathy and the Christian charity of individuals. The only possible solution to this question is one which envisages the social and economic progress both of individuals and of the whole of human society, and which respects and promotes true human values. But We must remind you here of an important truth: Refresh and try again.
And it is the natural right of the workers to work without hindrance, freely, te on their own initiative within these associations for the achievement of these ends.
The most perniciously typical aspect of the modern era consists in the absurd attempt to reconstruct a solid and fruitful temporal order divorced from God, who is, in fact, the only foundation on which it can endure.
The above principles are valid always and everywhere.